Sunday, September 26, 2010

Q4:101 Unbelievers are inveterate enemies

In Circulation: The unbelievers are your inveterate enemy. (4:101)

Quraan: 4:101

وَإِذَا ضَرَبْتُمْ فِي الأَرْضِ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَقْصُرُواْ مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ إِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَن يَفْتِنَكُمُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ إِنَّ الْكَافِرِينَ كَانُواْ لَكُمْ عَدُوًّا مُّبِينًا

Waitha darabtum fee alardi falaysa AAalaykum junahun an taqsuroo mina alssalati in khiftum an yaftinakumu allatheena kafaroo inna alkafireena kanoo lakum AAaduwwan mubeenan

Muhammad Asad

4:101 (Asad) AND WHEN you go forth [to war] on earth, you will incur no sin by shortening your prayers [127] if you have reason to fear that those who are bent on denying the truth might suddenly fall upon you: [128] for, verily, those who deny the truth are your open foes.

Note 127 (Quran Ref: 4:101 )
Lit., "the prayer": a reference to the five obligatory daily prayers - at dawn, noon, afternoon, after sunset and late in the evening - which may be shortened and combined (the noon prayer with that of the afternoon, and the sunset prayer with that of the late evening) if one is travelling or in actual danger. While the extension of this permission to peaceful travel has been authorized by the Prophet's sunnah, the Qur’an mentions it only in connection with war situations; and this justifies the interpolation, in the opening sentence, of the words "to war". The prayer described in the next verse - with the congregation praying in shifts - is called salat al-khawf ("prayer in danger").(Quran Ref: 4:101 )

Note 128 (Quran Ref: 4:101 )
Lit., "might cause you an affliction" - implying, according to almost all the commentators, a sudden attack.(Quran Ref: 4:101 )

Mike Ghouse : self explanatory

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