Sunday, November 27, 2011

Taqwa and righteousness in Quran -Koran


Brother Mohiddeen,
Thanks for sharing this. I have added the translations of Muhammad Asad to your work. However, in Asad Translations ( The word Taqwa did not show up. But righteousness showed up 9 times.  Piety 5 times (completely different than your search) and right conduct 3 times.
This is amazing, how the same word Piety is not referred to in the same verses by two different translators. Indeed, if an America born and raised Muslim who is well informed about other religious traditions as they present themselves ( and not as we want it to be) the word righteousness will dominate in the translations/ interpretations replacing the word piety.

The Quraan Translations have added to a deeper understanding and further research.
The Quran had been purposely mistranslated down through history.


In the Middle Ages, European leaders commissioned a hostile Quran translation to foster warfare against Muslim invaders.Later, Muslim leaders produced another translation to inflame Muslims against Christians and Jews. It was all for politics.

We had conducted a conference on Quraan Translations in Dallas,
Ghouse said he hopes to present Jeffress with a modern, faithful translation and challenge him to find evil verses."If he can, I will convert. I will join his church," Ghouse said. "If he can't, I will call on him to retract his statements and become a peacemaker."

The details are at:

I have given out copies of Asad’s translations to the clergy, politicians and influential leaders, indeed, I gave a copy to Pamela Geller (the one who initiated trouble against the ground zero mosque then and I have been against her on Radio and TV shows) and Sean Hannity (# 2 watched show in the US) – and here is what she writes:

Indeed, I am writing a personal note on the copies reminding people that Quraan is a book of guidance to the humanity and God does not discriminate anyone of his creation and the Prophet had emphasized in his last sermon the same. There are 25 translations now, 2 of them are ugly and false 23 are ok. This one is fine but more corrections need be made.

Mike Ghouse
Muslims together are committed to  cohesive and just societies

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Assalaamu Alaikum Wa Rahmathullahu Wa Bharakhathuhu.

Recently you forwarded an email from sister Zina talking about Taqwa as the Ismaili Muslims see it. It is unfortunate that the email got deleted by mistake. Inshah Allah I would have helped the Ismaili Muslims by indicating her misconceptions.

Alhamdhulillah, I looked at the meaning of Taqwa as in the Holy Quran and the results are below.

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The word(s) "taqwa" appears 17 time(s) in 17 verse(s) in Quran.

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Right conduct
Righteousness and piety
Be just
Piety and restraint (from evil)
Righteousness and self-restraint
Its right

Out of the above 17, we find:

9 times righteousness, 7 times piety, 3 self-restraint (from evil) and 1 be just

Please notice that ‘to be just’ appears only once. It is possibly because delivering justice is done by the Imam of the local Masjid within his community; by the local leader as the communities are combined for different congregations like Juma prayer, Umrah, and Hajj. Allah Subhana Wa Taala knows best.

The transliteration and the meaning of these 17 Verses are given below.

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Transliteration 2:197

Alhajju ashhurun maAAloomatun faman farada feehinna alhajja fala rafatha wala fusooqa wala jidala fee alhajji wama tafAAaloo min khayrin yaAAlamhu Allahu watazawwadoo fainna khayra alzzadi alttaqwa waittaqooni ya olee alalbabi

Yusuf Ali 2:197

For Hajj are the months well known. If any one undertakes that duty therein, Let there be no obscenity, nor wickedness, nor wrangling in the Hajj. And whatever good ye do, (be sure) Allah knoweth it. And take a provision (With you) for the journey, but the best of provisions is right conduct. So fear Me, o ye that are wise.

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Al-Baqara (The Cow)

2:197 (Asad) The pilgrimage shall take place in the months appointed for it. [180] And whoever undertakes the pilgrimage in those [months] shall, while on pilgrimage, abstain from lewd speech, from all wicked conduct, and from quarrelling; and whatever good you may do, God is aware of it. And make provision for yourselves - but, verily, the best of all provisions is God-consciousness: remain, then, conscious of Me, O you who are endowed with insight!

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Transliteration 2:237

Wain tallaqtumoohunna min qabli an tamassoohunna waqad faradtum lahunna fareedatan fanisfu ma faradtum illa an yaAAfoona aw yaAAfuwa allathee biyadihi AAuqdatu alnnikahi waan taAAfoo aqrabu lilttaqwa wala tansawoo alfadla baynakum inna Allaha bima taAAmaloona baseerun

Yusuf Ali 2:237

And if ye divorce them before consummation, but after the fixation of a dower for them, then the half of the dower (Is due to them), unless they remit it or (the man's half) is remitted by him in whose hands is the marriage tie; and the remission (of the man's half) is the nearest to righteousness. And do not forget Liberality between yourselves. For Allah sees well all that ye do.

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Al-Baqara (The Cow)

2:237 (Asad) And if you divorce them before having touched them, but after having settled a dower upon them, then [give them] half of what you have settled - unless it be that they forgo their claim or he in whose hand is the marriage-tie [226] forgoes his claim [to half of the dower]: and to forgo what is due to you is more in accord with God-consciousness. And forget not [that you are to act with] grace towards one another: verily, God sees all that you do.

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Transliteration 5:2

Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo la tuhilloo shaAAaira Allahi wala alshshahra alharama wala alhadya wala alqalaida wala ammeena albayta alharama yabtaghoona fadlan min rabbihim waridwanan waitha halaltum faistadoo wala yajrimannakum shanaanu qawmin an saddookum AAani almasjidi alharami an taAAtadoo wataAAawanoo AAala albirri waalttaqwa wala taAAawanoo AAala alithmi waalAAudwani waittaqoo Allaha inna Allaha shadeedu alAAiqabi

Yusuf Ali 5:2

O ye who believe! Violate not the sanctity of the symbols of Allah, nor of the sacred month, nor of the animals brought for sacrifice, nor the garlands that mark out such animals, nor the people resorting to the sacred house, seeking of the bounty and good pleasure of their Lord. But when ye are clear of the sacred precincts and of pilgrim garb, ye may hunt and let not the hatred of some people in (once) shutting you out of the Sacred Mosque lead you to transgression (and hostility on your part). Help ye one another in righteousness and piety, but help ye not one another in sin and rancour: fear Allah. for Allah is strict in punishment.

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Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread)

5:2 (Asad) O you who have attained to faith! Offend not against the symbols set up by God, nor against the sacred month [of pilgrimage], nor against the garlanded offerings, [4] nor against those who flock to the Inviolable Temple, seeking favour with their Sustainer and His goodly acceptance; and [only] after your pilgrimage is over [5] are you free to hunt. And never let your hatred of people who would bar you from the Inviolable House of Worship lead you into the sin of aggression: [6] but rather help one another in furthering virtue and God-consciousness, and do not help one another in furthering evil and enmity; and remain conscious of God: for, behold, God is severe in retribution!
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Transliteration 5:8

Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo koonoo qawwameena lillahi shuhadaa bialqisti wala yajrimannakum shanaanu qawmin AAala alla taAAdiloo iAAdiloo huwa aqrabu lilttaqwa waittaqoo Allaha inna Allaha khabeerun bima taAAmaloona

Yusuf Ali 5:8

O ye who believe! stand out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fair dealing, and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just: that is next to piety: and fear Allah. For Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do.

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Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread)

5:8 (Asad) O YOU who have attained to faith! Be ever steadfast in your devotion to God, bearing witness to the truth in all equity; and never let hatred of any-one [19] lead you into the sin of deviating from justice. Be just: this is closest to being God-conscious. And remain conscious of God: verily, God is aware of all that you do.

Transliteration 7:26

Ya banee adama qad anzalna AAalaykum libasan yuwaree sawatikum wareeshan walibasu alttaqwa thalika khayrun thalika min ayati Allahi laAAallahum yaththakkaroona

Yusuf Ali 7:26

O ye Children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover your shame, as well as to be an adornment to you. But the raiment of righteousness,- that is the best. Such are among the Signs of Allah, that they may receive admonition!

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Al-A'raf (The Heights)

7:26 (Asad) O CHILDREN of Adam! Indeed, We have bestowed upon you from on high [the knowledge of making] garments to cover your nakedness, and as a thing of beauty: [17] but the garment of God-consciousness is the best of all. Herein lies a message from God, so that man” [18] might take it to heart.

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Transliteration 9:108

La taqum feehi abadan lamasjidun ossisa AAala alttaqwa min awwali yawmin ahaqqu an taqooma feehi feehi rijalun yuhibboona an yatatahharoo waAllahu yuhibbu almuttahhireena

Yusuf Ali 9:108

Never stand thou forth therein. There is a mosque whose foundation was laid from the first day on piety; it is more worthy of the standing forth (for prayer) therein. In it are men who love to be purified; and Allah loveth those who make themselves pure.

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At-Tauba (The Repentance)

9:108 (Asad) Never set foot in such a place! [144] Only a house of worship founded, from the very first day, upon God-consciousness is worthy of thy setting foot therein [145] -[a house of worship] wherein there are men desirous of growing in purity: for God loves all who purify themselves.

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Transliteration 9:109

Afaman assasa bunyanahu AAala taqwa mina Allahi waridwanin khayrun am man assasa bunyanahu AAala shafa jurufin harin fainhara bihi fee nari jahannama waAllahu la yahdee alqawma alththalimeena

Yusuf Ali 9:109

Which then is best? - he that layeth his foundation on piety to Allah and His good pleasure? - or he that layeth his foundation on an undermined sand-cliff ready to crumble to pieces? and it doth crumble to pieces with him, into the fire of Hell. And Allah guideth not people that do wrong.

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At-Tauba (The Repentance)

9:109 (Asad) Which. then, is the better: he who has founded his building on God-consciousness and [a desire for] His goodly acceptance-or he who has founded his building on the edge of a water-worn, crumbling river-bank, so that it [is bound to] tumble down with him into the fire of hell? For, God does not grace with His guidance people who [deliberately] do wrong:

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Transliteration 20:132

Wamur ahlaka bialssalati waistabir AAalayha la nasaluka rizqan nahnu narzuquka waalAAaqibatu lilttaqwa

Yusuf Ali 20:132

Enjoin prayer on thy people, and be constant therein. We ask thee not to provide sustenance: We provide it for thee. But the (fruit of) the Hereafter is for righteousness.

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20:132 (Asad) And bid thy people to pray, and persevere therein. [But remember:] We do not ask thee to provide sustenance [for Us]: [117] it is We who provide sustenance for thee. And the future belongs to the God-conscious. [118]

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Transliteration 22:32

Thalika waman yuAAaththim shaAAaira Allahi fainnaha min taqwa alquloobi

Yusuf Ali 22:32

Such (is his state): and whoever holds in honour the symbols of Allah, (in the sacrifice of animals), such (honour) should come truly from piety of heart.

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Al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage)

22:32 (Asad) This is [to be borne in mind]. And anyone who honours the symbols set up by God [47] [shall know that] verily, these [symbols derive their value] from the God-consciousness in the [believers’] hearts

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Transliteration 22:37

Lan yanala Allaha luhoomuha wala dimaoha walakin yanaluhu alttaqwa minkum kathalika sakhkharaha lakum litukabbiroo Allaha AAala ma hadakum wabashshiri almuhsineena

Yusuf Ali 22:37

It is not their meat nor their blood, that reaches Allah. it is your piety that reaches Him: He has thus made them subject to you, that ye may glorify Allah for His Guidance to you and proclaim the good news to all who do right.

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Al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage)

22:37 (Asad) [But bear in mind:] never does their flesh reach God, and neither their blood: it is only your God-consciousness that reaches Him. It is to this end that We have made them subservient to your needs, so that you might glorify God for all the guidance with which He has graced you. And give thou this glad tiding unto the doers of good:

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Transliteration 47:17

Waallatheena ihtadaw zadahum hudan waatahum taqwahum

Yusuf Ali 47:17

But to those who receive Guidance, He increases the (light of) Guidance, and bestows on them their Piety and Restraint (from evil).

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47:17 (Asad) just as for those who are [willing to be] guided, He increases their [ability to follow His] guidance and causes them to grow in God-consciousness. [21]

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Transliteration 48:26

Ith jaAAala allatheena kafaroo fee quloobihimu alhamiyyata hamiyyata aljahiliyyati faanzala Allahu sakeenatahu AAala rasoolihi waAAala almumineena waalzamahum kalimata alttaqwa wakanoo ahaqqa biha waahlaha wakana Allahu bikulli shayin AAaleeman

Yusuf Ali 48:26

While the Unbelievers got up in their hearts heat and cant - the heat and cant of ignorance,- Allah sent down His Tranquillity to his Messenger and to the Believers, and made them stick close to the command of self-restraint; and well were they entitled to it and worthy of it. And Allah has full knowledge of all things.

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Al-Fath (The Victory)

  48:26 (Asad) Whereas they who are bent on denying the truth harboured a stubborn disdain in their hearts - the stubborn disdain [born] of ignorance [36] God bestowed from on high His [gift of] inner peace upon His Apostle and the believers, and bound them to the spirit of God-consciousness: [37] for they were most worthy of this [divine gift], and deserved it well. And God has full knowledge of all things
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Transliteration 49:3

Inna allatheena yaghuddoona aswatahum AAinda rasooli Allahi olaika allatheena imtahana Allahu quloobahum lilttaqwa lahum maghfiratun waajrun AAatheemun

Yusuf Ali 49:3

Those that lower their voices in the presence of Allah’s Messenger,- their hearts has Allah tested for piety: for them is Forgiveness and a great Reward.

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Al-Hujurat (The Dwellings)

49:3 (Asad) Behold, they who lower their voices in the presence of God’s Apostle - it is they whose hearts God has tested [and opened] to consciousness of Himself; [and] theirs shall be forgiveness and a reward supreme.

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Transliteration 58:9

Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo itha tanajaytum fala tatanajaw bialithmi waalAAudwani wamaAAsiyati alrrasooli watanajaw bialbirri waalttaqwa waittaqoo Allaha allathee ilayhi tuhsharoona

Yusuf Ali 58:9

O ye who believe! When ye hold secret counsel, do it not for iniquity and hostility, and disobedience to the Prophet; but do it for righteousness and self- restraint; and fear Allah, to Whom ye shall be brought back.

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Al-Mujadilah (The Disputation)

58:9 (Asad) [Hence,] O you who have attained to faith, when you do hold secret confabulations, do not conspire with one another with a view to sinful doings, and aggressive conduct, and disobedience to the Apostle, [16] but [rather] hold counsel in the cause of virtue and God-consciousness: and [always] remain conscious of God, unto whom you all shall be gathered.

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Transliteration 74:56

Wama yathkuroona illa an yashaa Allahu huwa ahlu alttaqwa waahlu almaghfirati

Yusuf Ali 74:56

But none will keep it in remembrance except as Allah wills: He is the Lord of Righteousness, and the Lord of Forgiveness.

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Al-Muddaththir (The One Enveloped)

74:56 (Asad) But they [who do not believe in the life to come] will not take it to heart unless God so wills: [30] [for] He is the Fount of all God-consciousness, and the Fount of all forgiveness.

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Transliteration 91:8

Faalhamaha fujooraha wataqwaha

Yusuf Ali 91:8

And its enlightenment as to its wrong and its right;-

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Ash-Shams (The Sun)

  91:8 (Asad) and how it is imbued with moral failings as well as with consciousness of God!

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Transliteration 96:12

Aw amara bialttaqwa

Yusuf Ali 96:12

Or enjoins Righteousness?

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Al-Alaq (The Clot)

96:12 (Asad) or is concerned with God-consciousness? [6]

Kindly pass on to all the Ismailis you know so that they understand Taqwa in its many aspects and do not blindly follow a mortal and his interpretatation.

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With prayers to Allah Subhana Wa Taala,

Your brother,

Mohideen Ibramsha

Was Salaam.

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Displaying Verse 1 through 9 of 9 Verse(s) found. ( 9 Verse(s) displayed). Back - Print This Page

Al-Anfal (The Spoils of War)
  8:40 (Asad) and if they turn away [from righteousness],know that God is your Lord Supreme: [and] how excellent is this Lord Supreme, and how excellent this Giver of Succour!

At-Tauba (The Repentance)
  9:100 (Asad) And as for the first and foremost of those who have forsaken the domain of evil and of those who have sheltered and succoured the Faith, [132] as well as those who follow them in [the way of] righteousness - God is well-pleased with them, and well--pleased are they with Him. And for them has He readied gardens through which running waters flow, therein to abide beyond the count of time: this is the triumph supreme!

Hud (The Prophet Hud)
  11:116 (Asad) BUT, ALAS, among those generations [whom We destroyed] before your time there were no people endowed with any virtue [146] - [people] who would speak out against the [spread of] corruption on earth -except the few of them whom We saved [because of their righteousness], whereas those who were bent on evildoing only pursued pleasures which corrupted their whole being, [147] and so lost themselves in sinning.

Al-Mu'minun (The Believers)
  23:102 (Asad) And they whose weight [of righteousness] is heavy in the balance - it is they, they who will have attained to a happy state;

Al-Ahqaf (The Curved Sandhills)
  46:15 (Asad) NOW [among the best of the deeds which] We have enjoined upon man is goodness towards his parents. [16] In pain did his mother bear him, and in pain did she give him birth; and her bearing him and his utter dependence on her took thirty months. [17] and so, when he attains to full maturity and reaches forty years, [18] he [that is righteous] prays: “O my Sustainer! Inspire me so that I may forever be grateful for those blessings of Thine with which Thou hast graced me and my parents, and that I may do what is right [in a manner] that will meet with Thy goodly acceptance; and grant me righteousness in my offspring [as well]. Verily, unto Thee have I turned in repentance: [19] for, verily, I am of those who have surrendered themselves unto Thee!”

Al-Waqi'a (The Event)
  56:38 (Asad) with those who have attained to righteousness: [15]

Al-Waqi'a (The Event)
  56:90 (Asad) And if one happens to be of those who have attained to righteousness, [31]

Al-Muddaththir (The One Enveloped)
  74:39 (Asad) save those who shall have attained to righteousness: [25]

Al-Balad (The City)
  90:18 (Asad) Such are they that have attained to righteousness; [8]

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Search For: PIETY - -
Al-Baqara (The Cow)
  2:177 (Asad) True Piety does not consist in turning your faces towards the east or the west [143] - but truly pious is he who believes in God, and the Last Day; and the angels, and revelation, [144] and the prophets; and spends his substance - however much he himself may cherish - it - upon his near of kin, and the orphans, and the needy, and the wayfarer, [145] and the beggars, and for the freeing of human beings from bondage; [146] and is constant in prayer, and renders the purifying dues; and [truly pious are] they who keep their promises whenever they promise, and are patient in misfortune and hardship and in time of peril: it is they that have proved themselves true, and it is they, they who are conscious of God.

Al-Baqara (The Cow)
  2:189 (Asad) THEY WILL ASK thee about the new moons. Say: "They indicate the periods for [various doings of] mankind, including the pilgrimage." [165] However, Piety does not consist in your entering houses from the rear, [as it were,] but truly pious is he who is conscious of God. [166] Hence, enter houses through their doors, and remain conscious of God, so that you might attain to a happy state.

Al-Imran (The Family of Imran)
  3:92 (Asad) [But as for you, O believers,] never shall you attain to true Piety unless you spend on others out of what you cherish yourselves; and whatever you spend - verily, God has full knowledge thereof. [72]

Maryam (Mary)
  19:14 (Asad) and full of Piety towards his parents; and never was he haughty or rebellious.

Maryam (Mary)
  19:32 (Asad) and [has endowed me with] Piety towards my mother; and He has not made me haughty or bereft of grace.

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Search For: RIGHT CONDUCT - -
An-Nisa (The Women)
  4:25 (Asad) And as for those of you who, owing to cir­cumstances, are not in a position [29] to marry free believing women, [let them marry] believing maidens from among those whom you rightfully possess. [30] And God knows all about your faith; each one of you is an issue of the other. [31] Marry them, then, with their people's leave, and give them their dowers in an equitable manner - they being women who give themselves in honest wedlock, not in fornication, nor as secret love-companions. [32] And when they are married, and thereafter become guilty of immoral conduct, they shall be liable to half the penalty to which free married women are liable. [33] This [permission to marry slave-girls applies] to those of you who fear lest they stumble into evil. [34] But it is for your own good to persevere in patience [and to abstain from such marriages]: and God is much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace.

Yunus (Jonah)
  10:108 (Asad) SAY [O Prophet]: "O mankind! The truth from your Sustainer has now come unto you. Whoever, therefore, chooses to follow the right path, follows it but for his own good; and whoever chooses to go astray, goes but astray to his own hurt. And I am not responsible for your conduct."

Hud (The Prophet Hud)
  11:46 (Asad) [God] answered: "O Noah, behold, he was not of thy family, for, verily, he was unrighteous in his conduct. [68] And thou shalt not ask of Me anything whereof thou canst not have any knowledge: [69] thus, behold, do I admonish thee lest thou become one of those who are unaware [of what is right]." [70]